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Class is deftly sidestepped in most public discussions of this kind, I agree, but there are researchers out there at least hammering home the point that class is at least as important as gender or race.
A book called 'The Class Ceiling' is a good bit of recent work on it. It mostly shows that class is a determinant of lifetime earnings even at equal levels of academic achievement, that class exacerbates other existing inequalities (such as gender and race), and that there are certain industries very statistically unlikely to take on working class people at higher levels -- medicine, law, media (especially television), and acting.
Medicine is a particularly striking example, and the one I'm most personally involved in. It's touted as the most inclusive of the typical "professions" as there's been a considerable increase in female MDs, but a glance at the figures show that people of middle-class and higher backgrounds are about 12 times more likely than working class people to become doctors, and those who have at least one parent as a doctor are 24 times more likely than those who don't.
This falls in line with what was published by the British Medical Association a few years ago: pupils from 20% of secondary schools in the UK constituted 80% of the applicants to medicine. That's not even the people that went on to become physicians, just the applicants: https://questionnaires.bma.org.uk/news/therightmix/index.html
Honestly, the experience has made me very cynical when I see corporate blurb celebrating an excellent, hardworking female surgeon. That's not taking anything away from an excellent individual career, but then to find out that she's the upper-middle class child of two doctor parents puts a significant dampener on the celebration of her inclusion, for me. She was overwhelmingly more statistically likely to have "made it" in her field than anyone from my school year, boys or girls.
It's pretty remarkable how many people believe this on some level. It's possible this is just classic divide-and-rule stuff, but there is something very insidious about it.